Parts of a Formal Letter (Official Letter )

Writing a professional business letter is a vital part of business communication.

Written communication to customers, vendors, or other businesses is a developed skill that requires practice.
Understanding the proper business letter format, the parts of a business letter and practicing writing is key to effective business correspondence.
The business letter is a little more formal than other written business communications such as email, memos, or text messages.
It is important to know the audience so the tone of the letter can be professional but not overly formal.
When drafting a letter, the author should assume that the reader has limited time and that they are looking for the bottom line and how it relates to them.
Make sure the substance is clear, specific, and to the point so the reader can make a quick assessment of the letter.
In many cases, the business letter is the first impression so it is important to ensure the content is accurate and free from errors.
This includes proofing the letter for content clarity and typos.
All business letters should be printed on the business letterhead.
If a formal letterhead is not available, the name of the company with address, contact phone number, and email should be printed on the top center of the paper.

So what are the seven parts of a business letter?

1.  Date

The date is put at the top of the page for any business communication.
The date is a critical piece of information documenting when the correspondence was sent.
This is important for correspondence that may be kept for future reference.

2. Address

The address of the person receiving the correspondence includes a formal name, street address, city, state, and zip code.
Don’t forget to double-check the spelling of the person’s name.
A misspelled name is careless, unprofessional and can negatively impact the response to the letter.

3.  Salutation

The salutation is the formal way of addressing the person.
Common salutations are Dear or To Whom It May Concern.
Some people have sensitivities to what name is used in addressing them so be sure to take the time to identify the person’s most commonly used name.
For example, if the person’s name is Robert, try to find out if he goes by Robert, Rob or Bob. For instance – Dear Bob, 

4.  Introduction

The first few sentences of a letter are introductory.
The introduction section introduces the subject of the letter.
It is a summary in a sentence or two that explains the goal of the letter.
For example, an introduction may be something like:
I am writing today to further explore a vendor relationship with XYZ Corporation.

5.  Body of the Letter

The body of the letter is where the bulk of the information is shared.
The body of the letter explains in detail all aspects of what is being communicated.
This would include detail of the information being shared.
For instance, the body may be something like this:
We understand that XYZ Corporation can provide tools for 10% less than other competitors. And, that the focus on service after the sale is amongst the best in the industry. 

6.  Closing

The closing of the letter summarizes what the letter was about and any next steps or action items.
This section gives the reader a heads up that the communication is coming to a close.
For instance, the closing may be something like this:
Please call me at your earliest convenience to discuss a vendor relationship and to explore if we can come to a mutually beneficial relationship. I look forward to speaking with you soon.

7.  Signature

The signature section has a complimentary closing.
Examples are Sincerely, Warmest Regards, Respectfully Yours, Very Truly Yours, or Cordially Yours.
Be sure to gauge the audience when selecting a complimentary closing.
After the complimentary closing, space is left for the signature that goes above the typed name and title of the person sending the letter.

Example :-
It is a formal business letter in which a business writes a letter to the client or customer informing them of the amount due for payment. The letter has to be subtle conveying the necessary payment pending and reminding them of the same.

Respected sir,
Thank you for being a valuable customer to our business. You have done regular payments of your purchases every year. But for the past two months, your payments have been irregular. We would like to bring to your notice that you have not made any payment towards the purchases dated December 2019. Even after two months of grace time provided, there have been no payment from your end.
We earnestly request you to consider this letter as a reminder and make the necessary pending payment at the earliest possible. According to our records, your pending payment with us amounts to Rs 15,000. We wish regular payments will help us maintain good business relationship.
Our business thrives on payments of our clients and customers like you. I hope you look into the matter seriously and make efforts to complete the pending payments with urgency.
In case you have already paid, please ignore this letter.
Yours sincerely,

இந்த பதிவுகள் உங்களுக்கு பயனுள்ளதாக அமைந்தால் உங்களுடைய நண்பர்கள் வட்டத்திலும் பகிர்ந்து கொள்வதற்கு தவறாதீர் !

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